What Does Pull Factors Mean?
A pull factor is a motivating cause that attracts a person to migrate to another region or country.
Common pull factors include:
- Employment opportunities
- Higher income
- Better working conditions and facilities
- Educational opportunities
- Higher living standards
- Better public services
- Religious freedom
- Freedom of expression
- Political freedom
Safeopedia Explains Pull Factors
HIgher income and greater quality of life are the main motivations behind migration. However, other factors, like health and safety, can still have a major influence.
A pull factor is the opposite of a push factor, which refers to the factors that influence a person to leave a region. The two concepts are typically intertwined, with people leaving a place due to various push factors and selecting a new country or area of residence due to its pull factors.
Workplace Safety as a Pull Factor
Health and safety regulations can be an attractive pull factor. Occupations in the oil and gas, maritime, and construction industry are risky due to the nature of the work. Workers in those industries might be strongly drawn to areas where employers would be mandated to ensure safe working conditions, provide them with adequate PPE, and supply fall protection systems for work conducted at heights.
Pull Factor Categories
Pull factors can generally be grouped according to the following categories:
- Economic migration – The pursuit of a particular career path, the drive to find employment, or the desire to secure higher paying work.
- Social migration – Moving to be closer to family, to be in a major cultural center, or to live in an area with better public resources, such as great public transit, walkability, or education.
- Political migration – Seeking peaceful regions, free of political turmoil or unrest.
- Environmental migration – Moving to a safer area with a low likelihood of being hit by natural disasters, drought, famine, and other major disruptions to people's lives.